In this article, I will handle ultrasonic rhinoplasty, piezo surgery and micromotor terms which are recently popular in rhinoplasty procedures. A technique known as ultrasonic and piezo surgery are surgical instruments that cut or rasp nose bone with vibrations of sound waves only during the nose surgery instead of micromotor or osteotome.
Ultrasonic surgery, which is about 30 years old technology, was originally designed by dentists for use in dental reconstructive surgery. Since bleeding complications occur usually in dental surgery, this device cuts the bone slowly but it causes less bleeding by using the sound waves. So, this technique has been adopted by dentists and has become popular in a short time.
Later in 1992, ultrasonic technology has begun to be used in rhinoplasty by an Italian plastic surgeon and this idea quickly spread to many countries, helping all surgeons to experiment this technology. Where do the ultrasonic or piezo names come from? This instrument, based on the principle of sound waves, creates a vibration, which is then transmitted to a single point through an L-shaped tip and makes cut off the point. Based on this principle, it is called ultrasonic. But it is completely different from the ultrasound which is commonly known. Ultrasound is a diagnostic imaging technique and Ultrasonic is a surgical instrument. Piezo is a word that created and patented by a business firm which is the producer of this instrument. So, generally those who use the instrument of this company use the piezo name, while those using the devices of other companies use ultrasonic rhinoplasty name.
The advantages of this technique are the possibility of cutting the bone in a smoother manner than the typical rasping and osteotome and may cause less bleeding while cutting the bone. Less bleeding will ensure less swelling and less bruising.
Micromotor technology is also a new technology and has been used in rhinoplasty for about 10 years. The motor technology, used to shape the bone almost 70 years in many areas such as facial/ body aesthetics and neurosurgery, was designed in microstructure to ensure surgery in small areas such as the nose. With micromotor technology, the nasal bone can be reshaped smoothly with a system based on electrical energy. With this to the point intervention, the possibility of edema and bleeding can be reduced and a much faster healing period can be created. We wish that all these technological improvements will be better and more every day.